Sega GamesK

Sega

Founded date January 01,1940

Sega is a long-running Japanese company responsible for arcade hits like Space Harrier, home consoles like the Dreamcast, and franchises such as Sonic the Hedgehog.

Sega

Company Name Sega
Street Address
City Ohta-ku, Tokyo
State
Country Japan
Website http://www.sega.com
Contact email [email protected]
Phone number 1-900-200-SEGA
Date founded Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 1940
Aliases

Overview

Sega was originally founded all the way back in 1940, before video games were even around. Martin Bromely, Irving Bromberg, and James Humpert started the company in Honolulu, Hawaii. They created the company to make coin-op games for U.S. military servicemen, who had all this spare time on military bases. Originally the company was named Standard Games, However that was quickly changed to Service Games, and in 1951 Bromely got the idea to move the company to Tokyo, Japan. In May of 1952, a new business name was registered: "Service Games of Japan".

Two years go by, it's 1954, and another American businessman, David Rosen, is starting up a company in Japan called Rosen Enterprises Inc. The company was originally created for exporting art, but during Rosen's time in Japan, he noticed a popular phenomenon. People in Japan were really into coin-op instant photo booths! The company changed their ways and started importing and exporting various coin-op games.

In 1965, Rosen Enterprises and Service Games merged together, Rosen's name was dropped completely, and Service Games shortened their name to only the first two letters, "SE" and "GA". The new corporation was named Sega Enterprises, and it was only the beginning for this soon-to-be-huge company. The first game released by Sega Enterprises was another coin-op game called Periscope. The game was a submarine simulator, and was an international hit.

Gulf Western bought Sega Enterprises in 1969, but allowed Rosen to stay the CEO of the company. Rosen led the company to prosper even further, creating more and more coin-op games.

Entry into the Video Game Market (1982-1986)

By 1982, Sega's revenues hit $214 million. The company was growing strong, with the advent of video arcades, and growing demand for the home video game market, Sega released a few new products in Japan in 1983. The first was Subroc-3D, which was an arcade game that utilized two periscope-type devices to view 2D sprites on a 3D plane. Sega also released their first home video game console, the SG-1000, due to the growing home video game market. It Included some popular arcade titles such as Space Invaders, and Sega's own, Zaxxon. Another arcade title they released was Astron-Belt, one of the first games to use LaserDisc media. This title would be licensed out to Bally Midway for release in North America.

In 1983, however, Sega was having financial troubles in the U.S., the American video game crash was apparent, and video games were seemingly fading away into obscurity. Gulf Western was pressured by the great crash, and sold all of Sega's U.S. assets off to a company called Bally Manufaturing Corperation, who specialized in making pinball games. All of this prevented the SG-1000, and its second release from 1984 , the SG-1000 Mark II, from ever being released in the U.S. The Japanese assets of Sega were purchased by a group of investors that included Hayao Nakayama, who owned a distribution company acquired by Rosen back in 1979. Nakayama became the new CEO of Sega of Japan, and Rosen moved back to the U.S. to become the head of Sega's U.S. subsidiary.

The multi-billion dollar Japanese company CSK bought Sega Enterprises in 1984, renamed it Sega Enterprises Ltd., put the HQ in Japan, and by 1986, Sega was trading on the Tokyo Stock Exchange. The chairman of CSK, who was also a friend of Rosen's, Isao Ookawa, became the new chairman of Sega Enterprises Ltd., and things were looking up. in 1985, Sega released the SG-1000 Mark III in Japan. Thanks to the release of the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES), Video games were starting to resurface in the U.S., and Sega of America was officially established as a business name in 1986.

Sega vs. Nintendo, The Epic Battle of Home Consoles (1987-1994)

Now that Sega of America was developed, Sega was ready to bring its home game consoles to the U.S., however, the SG-1000 Mark I wasn't as technically powerful as the Mark III, so in 1986, they re-released the SG-1000 Mark III in the U.S. under the name of the Sega Master System. The system had various titles such as Fantasy Zone, which created their first popular mascot, Opa-Opa. A little later that year, Sega had developed a new mascot to replace Opa-Opa with Alex Kidd. It wasn't actually official if this was their new mascot or not, but due to the popularity of the game, everybody assumed it was. The North American market wasn't enthralled by Sega's console, due to low sales. The major problem was the aggressive advertising strategy Nintendo employed with their console. Even though the Master System was technically superior to the NES, Nintendo was still able to get the upper hand. They already had the Famicom out since 1983 in Japan and the NES since 1985 in the U.S., so they got the upper hand by having their system out first. The Master System did well in Europe and Brazil, however. It lasted until 1996 in Europe, before it was discontinued, and in Brazil it lasted all the way until 2000. Sega needed something new to appeal to the North American market, however. The answer was the Sega Genesis.

Coming to store shelves in August of 1989, the Sega Genesis known as the Mega Drive in all other regions besides the U.S., was a great leap forward from the technology in the Master System. Sega launched ad campaigns that said "Genesis Does What Nintendon't". The system had lots of great arcade titles from that time such as Golden Axe, Altered Beast, Mortal Kombat, and Ghouls N' Ghosts made the Mega Drive a great system to play great arcade titles of the time on. Other titles like Earthworm Jim, Ecco the Dolphin, and Gunstar Heroes came eventually and showed that the Mega Drive had a slew of great original content with that same arcade-like style that everybody enjoyed. However, no game spurred more commotion than the 1991 release of Sonic the Hedgehog.

Sonic, the little blue hedgehog made his mark on the Genesis, so much that people saw Sonic and Mario as direct competitors. Everybody who grew up around this time must have had some sort of argument in school with their friends at the lunch table. Who was better: Mario or Sonic? That's for everybody to decide on their own, but the two were very evenly matched at the time of the release of the Mega Drive.

In 1991, Nintendo released the Super Famicom in Japan, or Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) in North America as direct competition for the Genesis. It had technically superior software, and a bunch of popular Nintendo franchises being released for it. In 1992 Sega released Sonic the Hedgehog 2, and fans went crazy over the game, Genesis was growing ever more popular, and Sonic 2 was — and still is — the highest selling Sega game ever made, selling 6 million copies as of June 2006. Also in 1992 Sega released the Sega CD (called Mega-CD in all other regions except North America). This was an add-on to the Genesis which used CD media which was capable of higher storage capacities and cheaper to produce than the cartridge. This was a great opportunity for Sega to get the edge on Nintendo. However, with a disappointing game library full of games which were only upgraded ports of previously released games on the Genesis and an obsessive focus on FMV games the Sega CD didn't live up to its full potential. By 1994, the Genesis had lost the battle, in terms of sales. Nintendo had released key games for the SNES such as Donkey Kong Country, Super Metroid, and Star Fox, helping sales of their system, and elevating it past the sales of the Genesis with its Sega CD add-on. Not helping any, Sega released another add-on for the genesis called the 32X that same year, trying to upgrade the power of their console cheaply, but consumers were not impressed, and the 32X only had a handful of games, many of which were just upgraded ports of older Genesis titles. Even if they lost the battle, the Mega Drive truly captured the hearts of many gamers everywhere, and was Sega's first large success.

Also during 1990 and 1991 the Sega Game Gear was released to all countries. It had a total of 6 games for its launch and then soon spanning over multiple genres and over 300 games. Its game cartridges were not region coded, therefore any game could be played on any hand held anywhere in the world.

The Game Gear was a portable Master System molded into hand held form. It had a lower resolution and a poor battery life. Compared to the Game Boy it was considered less efficient and its battery life (roughly 6 AA batteries) would last approximately 5 hours.

It was also offered in a variant "sport" version, colored blue. Although the Game Gear was deemed superior to the Game Boy it was lackluster in sales and considered bulky. Sega stopped producing games for the system in 1997.

Sega's Last Attempts at Console Glory (1995-2002)

After realizing that CD technology would be cheaper to produce, and allow the creation of higher-quality games, Sega planned a new console, called the Sega Saturn. Sega released the Sega Saturn in 1995, and at first, everybody was amazed by it.

It had some great titles such as Nights: Into Dreams, which was penned as being the new mascot for Sega. The Saturn was touted as a 32-bit 2D console, even though it did have some 3D games being developed for it, Sega was really pushing the 2D games. However, the PlayStation (PSX) won over the hearts of U.S. gamers, and was penned as a console tailored specifically for 3D games. The Nintendo 64 (N64) had a similar approach, in that it was tailored specifically for 3D gaming. Not only that, but it was released around the same time as the PlayStation in the U.S. Both the PlayStation and N64 did marvelously in the U.S., and Sega abandoned the Saturn within three years. However in Japan the Saturn did much better, outselling the PlayStation into 1996, and defeating the N64. The Saturn was the most successful console Sega ever produced in Japan, but the same success was not shared in the U.S.

After the Saturn was discontinued, people were wondering what Sega would do next. They decided to produce a console called the Dreamcast. Released in the U.S. on the mystifying date of 9/9/99, the console saw lots of commercial success within its first year because of the technical superiority to the N64 and PlayStation. Its major focuses were on innovative and fun gameplay, although it was also the first console to feature online play. The Dreamcast was also the first console to feature a modem port built directly into the back of their console. The games released for the system were innovative, fun, and graphically stunning, including one of the first cel-shaded games, Jet Grind Radio. Sega also released Sonic Adventure at the launch of the system, making Sonic Sega's mascot once again. Other titles such as Seaman, Samba de Amigo, and Shenmue were all innovative and fun, and received good press. It was definitely a big step up from the Saturn, but Sony was already planning a follow-up to the PlayStation, called the PlayStation 2 (PS2). The PS2 was released in October 2000, and received generally average press until 2001, when more great games began coming out. On top of that, Microsoft entered the market with the Xbox's release in 2001. Nintendo had another console in store for the market as well, the GameCube, which was released in November 2001. The Dreamcast at this point was, sadly, only an afterthought. What had Sega done wrong? They released their console too early, and all of the bad press from the Saturn carried over to the Dreamcast through the company's then-tarnished reputation. In 2002, Sega officially discontinued the Dreamcast; therewith announcing that they would only be developing software from that point forward.

Franchises

  • Zaxxon
  • SEGA AGES 2500
  • Sangokushi Taisen
  • Puyo Puyo
  • Pro Yakyuu
  • Dragon Force
  • Daytona USA
  • Columns
  • Total War
  • Virtual-On
  • Virtua Cop
  • Space Harrier
  • After Burner
  • Skies of Arcadia
  • Jet Set Radio
  • Super Monkey Ball
  • Samba de Amigo
  • Space Channel 5
  • Crazy Taxi
  • Valkyria Chronicles
  • Virtua Tennis
  • House of the Dead
  • NiGHTS
  • Toejam & Earl
  • Shinobi
  • Alex Kidd
  • Yakuza
  • OutRun
  • Golden Axe
  • Shenmue
  • Streets of Rage
  • Phantasy Star
  • Virtua Fighter
  • Sonic the Hedgehog

Develop by Sega

Beena Town he Youkoso

Beena Town he Youkoso

A launch title for the Advanced Pico Beena that was only sold alongside the console's first models.

Cars 2 Racing Beena: Mezase! World Champion!

Cars 2 Racing Beena: Mezase! World Champion!

Cars 2 Racing Beena is a racing game for the Sega Advanced Pico Beena based on the Disney-Pixar film. It was released with a racing controller.

Shiseido Beauty Solution Kaihatsu Center Kanshuu: Project Beauty

Shiseido Beauty Solution Kaihatsu Center Kanshuu: Project Beauty

A make-up training game developed by Sega in collaboration with real-life make-up manufacturer Shiseido. Two versions were sold, one bundled with the Game Boy slot camera accessory previously used for Nintendo's Face Training.

Phantasy Star III: Generations of Doom

Phantasy Star III: Generations of Doom

The third instalment in the Phantasy Star series of RPGs. An epic adventure featuring three generations of characters, PSIII had a slower pace and unique setting that made it the "black sheep" of the series.

Project Beauty

Project Beauty

A make-up training game developed by Sega in collaboration with real-life make-up manufacturer Shiseido. Two versions were sold, one bundled with the Game Boy slot camera accessory previously used for Nintendo's Face Training.

Heavyweight Champ

Heavyweight Champ

The earliest known video game based on the sport of boxing. Developed and released by Sega, it is currently considered a "lost" video game with no known hardware remaining and no successful preservation effort.

Kemono Friends 3: Planet Tours

Kemono Friends 3: Planet Tours

A card-based arcade adaptation of Sega's smartphone RPG, Kemono Friends 3. It was later discontinued on September 30, 2021.

Sega Card-Gen MLB

Sega Card-Gen MLB

A Japanese card-based baseball arcade game, featuring teams and players from the American Major League Baseball. Follow a simulated baseball game, taking action at key points to pitch or to swing. It was later discontinued on April 2015.

Eiketsu Taisen

Eiketsu Taisen

A card-based real-time strategy arcade game by Sega that combines heroes and units from both Sangokushi Taisen and Sengoku Taisen.

Sengoku Taisen

Sengoku Taisen

A card-based real-time strategy arcade game by Sega, and a companion game to Sangokushi Taisen that focuses on Japan's Warring States period. It received numerous updates relating to different time eras and was later discontinued on March 1, 2017.

Publish by Sega

Like a Dragon: Ishin!

Like a Dragon: Ishin!

A "rebuilt from the ground up" remake of the 2014 original, localized in English for the first time.

Ryu ga Gotoku Ishin!

Ryu ga Gotoku Ishin!

The second spin-off of the mainline Yakuza series set in a Feudal Japanese setting, centered 19th century samurai Ryoma Sakamoto.

Sonic Frontiers

Sonic Frontiers

Sonic returns in an open world adventure in 2022.

Beena Town he Youkoso

Beena Town he Youkoso

A launch title for the Advanced Pico Beena that was only sold alongside the console's first models.

Sega Soccer Slam

Sega Soccer Slam

Sega Soccer Slam is a no-holds-barred Soccer game that is available for the Xbox, PS2, and GameCube. It was also released as an Xbox Original for the Xbox 360 on December 15, 2008.

The Rub Rabbits!

The Rub Rabbits!

A prequel to 2004's Feel the Magic XY/XX, The Rub Rabbits! maintains the series' quirky mini-games in pursuit of a love interest.

Deep Fear

Deep Fear

A survival horror title similar to Resident Evil created by Sega for the Sega Saturn. It was never released in the US and was the last Saturn title to be released in Europe.

Rhythm Thief & The Emperor's Treasure

Rhythm Thief & The Emperor's Treasure

Players must use rudimentary rhythm-based gameplay to help the notorious art thief Raphael deal with a rash of forgeries, avoid the police, and put a stop to the evil plans of a resurrected Napoleon Bonaparte.

Cars 2 Racing Beena: Mezase! World Champion!

Cars 2 Racing Beena: Mezase! World Champion!

Cars 2 Racing Beena is a racing game for the Sega Advanced Pico Beena based on the Disney-Pixar film. It was released with a racing controller.

Beyond Oasis

Beyond Oasis

An Action/RPG for the Sega Genesis.

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